Employment as a subject is included in the concurrent list of the Constitution of India. National Employment Service is a Joint concern of the Government of India and the J&K Government. Compulsory Notification of Vacancies Act 1959 was passed by the Parliament to make it compulsory for the establishments under Public and Private Sectors to notify vacancies to the nearest Employment Exchanges and also to render prescribed returns. This Act though extended to the J&K was applied by the state to the Private Sector only. The Employment Exchanges in J&K had been catering to the recruitment needs of various Central Government Departments and Organizations. But after the Supreme Court Judgment passed in the year 1996, the notifying departments were given the discretion to invite the applications at their own level in addition to the names being sponsored by the Employment Department in order to give a fair play and equal opportunity for applying against the said vacancies notified by a particular establishment / organization by making advertisements in the print/electronic media for wide circulation.