Employment as a subject is included in the concurrent list of the Constitution of India. National Employment Service is a Joint concern of the Government of India and the State Governments. Compulsory Notification of Vacancies Act 1959 was passed by the Parliament to make it compulsory for the establishments under Public and Private Sectors to notify vacancies to the nearest Employment Exchanges and also to render prescribed returns. This Act though extended to the J&K was applied by the state to the Private Sector only. The Employment Exchanges in J&K State had been catering to the recruitment needs of various Central Government Departments and Organizations. But after the Supreme Court Judgment passed in the year 1996, the notifying departments were given the discretion to invite the applications at their own level in addition to the names being sponsored by the Employment Department in order to give a fair play and equal opportunity for applying against the said vacancies notified by a particular establishment / organization by making advertisements in the print/electronic media for wide circulation. But despite that the Department of Employment has been performing various assignment/activities which are defined as under:-
The activities of the
Department can broadly be defined as under :
REGISTRATION OF UNEMPLOYED YOUTH
The registration of unemployed educated/uneducated youth for seeking employment assistance is one of the essential jobs assigned to the Department of Employment. The desirous candidates can register themselves with the concerned District Employment & Counselling Centres free of cost after filling in the prescribed form. The number of unemployed youth registered with various District Employment & Counselling Centres of the J&K State is 85,944 as on ending March, 2018. The district-wise & qualification-wise break-up is as under:-
District-wise / Qualification-wise unemployed youth registered with DE&CCs
(* Degree Holders means Professional and Technical Degree
Career Counselling has been made a regular feature of the Department. It is with this objective that the nomenclature of the District Employment Exchanges have been named as District Employment and Counselling Centre’s, which could be a platform for imparting coaching, counselling and guidance to the educated unemployed youth of the State in shaping their career. The Department has been inviting the reputed Career Councillors from within and outside the State in the recent past for providing the Counselling regarding various career opportunities available both in J&K State as well as outside. Career counselling sessions have been held in various District Employment & Counselling Centres of the State on periodic basis to make the aspiring youth aware about various competitive examinations, job opportunities, etc. at the State and National level.
COLLECTION OF EMPLOYMENT MARKET INFORMATION
The EMI reports which are prepared yearly on the basis of the information collected from the public/private sector establishments/undertakings on quarterly basis is one of the major functions of this Department as stipulated in the National Employment Service (NES) manual issued by the Directorate General of Employment and Trainings, New Delhi .The said report after compilation, is sent to the said organization which subsequently prepares the report at all India level for purpose of future manpower planning of the Country.
IMPLEMENTATION OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR STATE SELF EMPLOYMENT SCHEME
The “Jammu and Kashmir State Self Employment Scheme” being implemented by Employment Department provides margin money, capital and interest subsidy assistance to the educated unemployed youth of the State for establishing their own employment generating units since 1995-96.
i) Margin Money
As an incentive ,Margin Money @ 15% of the project cost is paid to the beneficiary as an interest-free loan towards equity contribution of the entrepreneur which is repayable in 5 equal yearly installments after the liquidation of the loan amount.
ii) Interest Subsidy
The Govt. is providing Interest Subsidy to beneficiaries on the bank loan on tapering basis for a period of two years in the following pattern:-
iii) Capital Subsidy
5% of the project cost subject to a limit of Rs. 7500/-
Achievements under the scheme for the period 2001-02 to 2014-15.
(Rs. in lacs.)
Creating Awareness:- With the purpose to create awareness amongst unemployed youth about various employment generating schemes, the department organized/held the following programmes in the State during the year, 2014-2015, the detail is given below:-
SPECIAL RECRUITMENT RALLIES
The Department in coordination with various defence agencies like Indian Navy, Indian Air Force and JAKLI have been holding recruitment rallies at frequent intervals since 1998 for enrolment of educated youth of the State in their organizations as follows:-
IMPLEMENTATION OF VOLUNTARY SERVICE ALLOWANCE (VSA)
The State Government is providing, by way of financial support, a monthly Voluntary Service Allowance (VSA) to all unemployed educated youth having educational qualification of matriculation and above for the next three years; commencing financial year 2010-11. The VSA will, on the one hand, ensure hand holding support from the government to the educated unemployed youth till such time as they are either able to build the requisite capacities for starting self employment ventures or get employed in the government/ private Sector. On the other hand, the VSA will serve as a viable mechanism for inculcating in the young men and women of the state a sense of voluntary and community service for large public good.
VSA will be paid to all unemployed educated persons; who:
have attained the age of 26 years as of 1st January of the year
in which application
are registered with the District Employment and Counselling Centers and
are a member of and dependent upon a
(b) Only such youth as fulfill the age and educational criteria, but have not been able to pursue further education, shall be entitled to the allowance. In other words, students/trainees/apprentices and the self employed shall not be eligible for VSA with the exception that those who get engaged in self-employment activities/initiatives shall be entitled to VSA for a period of one year as sustenance support. Further, the spouse of the beneficiary should not be employed. Similarly, dismissed Government employees and persons convicted of an offence involving imprisonment for three months or more shall also not be covered under the Scheme.
(c) VSA will be paid, on a monthly basis, through the concerned District Employment and Counselling Centers, on a non-cash basis (through bank accounts); with effect from April 1, 2010 as per the following gradation:-
Rs. 600/- per month in favour of each eligible person who has passed the
matriculation examination but not 10+2
(ii) Rs. 650/- per month in favour of each eligible person who has passed 10+2 examination;
(iii) Rs. 700/-
per month in respect of eligible persons who have passed 10+2 examination and
possess additional skill based
(iv) Rs. 850/-
per month in case of eligible persons having passed 10+2 examination and who
have additional professional
(v) Rs. 1000/- per month in favour of eligible graduates and above below the post-graduation level; and
(vi) Rs. 1200/-
per month in respect of post-graduates and engineering and medical graduates
and equivalent levels in the
(d) An additional
financial element of Rs. 50/- per month shall be admissible in favour of
women across all the five categories
(e) VSA will be
admissible only for a maximum period of three years or persons getting
employed or attaining the age of 37
The release of the VSA will be contingent upon submission of the prescribed
declaration/certificate that the beneficiary
The beneficiary shall, at a future date, be ineligible to apply for a
Government employment involving minimum educational
The disbursement of VSA will be regulated under a biometric system, to be
specially designed for the purpose, to ensure
The beneficiaries will be required to sign an unconditional undertaking for
rendering voluntary work upto a total of 12 hours
(j) VSA will not be continued in the following cases:-
(a) As and when the beneficiary secures employment either in the Government/Public Sector or the Private Sector; either on casual basis/daily wage basis or contractual/permanent basis;
(b) if and when the beneficiary is able to start a self-employment venture of his/her own except as provided under 17.2 (b); and
(c ) as and when the beneficiary crosses the age limit of 37 years.
(Rs in lacs)
Seed Capital Fund Scheme (SCFS)
Financial institutions have been generally found to be reluctant to extend credit facility to the first generation entrepreneurs in view of their risk perception. This has negative implications on the development of entrepreneurship.
Such an equivocation warrants immediate State intervention to ensure that the motivated and trained prospective entrants to the field of entrepreneurship self employment are nurtured and insulated from frustration and mental agony.
To address this problem, the State entrepreneurship Development Institute (JKEDI) has been asked to offer ‘Entrepreneurship Development programme/s (EDPs)’ as a package which apart from sensitization, training and consultancy inputs shall include an incentive in the form of non-refundable seed money to enable prospective entrepreneurs to kick start their ventures and make their projects bankable.
For this purpose, Government have decided to create an ‘entrepreneurship Development Fund’ with an initial corpus of Rs.50 crore. The corpus shall be utilized under a well conceived State Scheme; for the prospective motivated, trained and provisionally registered first generation entrepreneurs to start environment-friendly ventures relating to certain core areas which inter-alia include:
i. Horticulture, floriculture cultivation of medicinal and aromatic plants (including cultivation on government forms lands);
ii. Food-processing at the household/ village level;
iii. Establishment of facilities for storage of food products /horticulture products: particularly cold chains;
iv. Handloom, handicraft and other artisanal products: particularly design improvement, technology-transfer and marketing;
v. Ventures in poultry, sheep-breeding and production, collection, storage and marketing of milk; aimed at import substitution:
vi. Setting up of computer literacy/training institutes in villages/habitations particularly with a population of less than 3000 souls;
vii. Setting up of Fair Price Shops at small habitations across the State;
viii. Tourism-related enterprises covering houseboat owners, setting up of Paying Guest facilities, small dhabas and restaurants with a capacity of 20 seats;
Special attention will be given at the time of selection of prospective entrepreneurs to remote, difficult and backward areas and vulnerable sections of the population including members of Scheduled Castes/tribes, Gujjars, Bakerwals and other backward communities/groups.
The Government intends to build complete synergy in different Self Employment Schemes presently in vogue and ensure that the first generation entrepreneurs are actually benefited by these Schemes national Minorities Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC), a Government of India undertaking under the Ministry of Minority affairs provides loan/credit to ensure that these benefits effectively reach the identified clientele group, the Government has decided to providing loans/credit facility to the entrepreneurs motivated, trained and promoted by the Institute.
JKEDI has already advertised for receiving applications from prospective entrepreneurs already trained by JKEDI in the past, as may be desirous of taking benefit of the seed capital Scheme. Last date of receipt of applications was 21-11-2009. The notice has also been published in the newspapers and has evoked good response.
A Steering Committee has been constituted by Director, JKEDI to manage all aspects and to screen the applications, interview the candidates, select a suitable field of operation by the applicant and provide a feasibility report to him by/before end December 2009. The Steering Committee will be made more broad based.
As per the guidelines, the prospective entrepreneurs are to be provided with seed capital equivalent to 35% of the project cost up to a maximum of Rs.3 lakh in respect of undergraduates and Rs.5 lakh in respect of post-graduates and Rs.7.5 lacs in respect of technically qualified persons such as engineers, doctors and computer science & technology graduates. For group initiatives, as also in deserving individual cases, the upper limit will be relaxable as may be prescribed. In terms of the extant guidelines of RBI, no collateral security shall be insisted for bank loan upto Rs.5 lacs. The State Government shall facilities a tie-up between JKEDI and financial institutions particularly the J&K Bank for available of adequate and timely credit- wherever required. The existing capacities in JKEDI will be strengthened to enable them to play a single-window/coordinating role for this initiative.
J&K Bank has agreed in principle to act as the debt syndicator for above scheme. To such an effect, a Memorandum of understanding (MoU) is being signed between Government of J&K and the J&K Bank wherein the terms and conditions of credit disbursement have been outlined. Consequent upon the Government earmarking a minimum provision of Rs.50 crore per annum in the Plan for the Scheme, which is expected to progressively increase to Rs.100 crore, the expected proportionate credit flow the J&K Bank will be in the range Rs. 100-200 crore annually. As a part of the MOU, the rate of interest for all these loans, which will qualify for priority sector lending, would be 9% per annum. There shall be a one year moratorium on repayment of principle and interest.
With a view to ensuring timely and adequate credit flow to the potential entrepreneurs, the maximum time period (after he/she completes the training programme with (JKEDI), for finalization of project report, appraisal of the project and actual disbursement of the loan will be three months.
SELF HELP GROUPS
1. The State Government has launched a novel scheme ”Self Help Group Scheme of Engineers” during the year 2003 for allotting work contracts to the unemployed Degree/Diploma engineers.
Help Group of Engineers Guidelines have been issued vide Government
order No.14-L&E of 2017 dated
The total number of Self Help Groups registered in various District Employment & Counselling Centres Division-wise as on ending March 2018 are detailed below::-